6000 year old traditions show amber prevalence and respect of people, who lived on the Baltic Sea coast (
The first biggest amber treasure was found while dredging amber in the Curonian Lagoon in the vicinity of Juodkrantė in 1860-1881. Scientists from all over the world got interested in unique New Stone Age decorative amber objects dating back to the 3rd millennium B.C. This is the famous R. Klebs collection called Juodkrantė’s Treasure. It consists of raw amber and 434 complete handicraft articles. The collection contains many pendants of different forms: long and narrow, regular with an oblique base, almost rectangular and oval. There were different buttons found: small round and oval, up to 4,5 cm long, big boat-shaped; some of them had plain surface, others were decorated with dots. Also, there were found different tube-shaped beads with straight to slightly curved sides that had surface ranging from lightly retouched to highly polished, and many links and disks. New Stone Age plastic art objects (amber statuettes of people and animals) are an exceptionally valuable part of this collection. All these objects were described and published in R. Klebs’s book "Amber jewellery of Stone Age" in 1882.
Count F. V. Tiškevičius dug amber in the wetlands near Palanga. Raw amber contained just a few hundred kilograms, but during the work there has been collected number of archaeological findings (Palanga’s Treasue). Some articles of Palanga’s Treasure are similar to articles of Juodkrantė’s Treasure. They are ornamented with points, strips, and holes. One article of this treasure depicts a schematic man. One foot is fractured. In the upper part of the figure – the head – a hole is drilled. This shows that it was worn as an amulet. This figure like the shield shaped pendants, buttons with the V shaped holes and cylindrical beads are of Neolithic period. Other articles of Palanga’s Treasure: necklace-discs, wheel-spindles and a number of pendants are from later time that reaches even the Brass and Iron Age.
Similar treasure was found near Šventoji while excavating Neolithic camps. These 20 years of excavations were carried out by Dr. R. Rimantienė. And that is how the Stone Age amber treasure of Šventoji was collected. This treasure gave new information about life of people, who lived on the seacoast. In the 4th millennium BC Narva culture population wore amber jewellery. People drilled a hole in a piece of amber and had a pendant; they produced small buttons, figurines, amber tubular beads, although to get the tube shape they had to put a lot of effort. At that time colourful amber was not valued, which is contrary to our nowadays choice. Lots of them were found just dropped and broken. Then people particularly liked one-colour, smooth, honey-coloured amber. In the 3rd millennium BC amber workshops began to set up on present
On the Curonian Spit,